The Economic Operators Registration and Identification (EORI) number is a unique identification number used in the customs territory of the European Union and assigned to an economic operator or other person by a customs authority in order to register that person for customs purposes.
The EORI number is mandatory for economic operators engaged in the importation, transit, exportation or other customs operations.
The EORI number of an economic operator established in the customs territory of the European Union shall be issued by the customs authority of the Member State where the economic operator is established. Economic operators not established in the customs territory of the Union shall be registered by the customs authority of the Member State where the economic operator is carrying out or is planning to carry out its first customs-related operation.
In Estonia, the EORI number is issued by the Tax and Customs Board.
One economic operator can have only one (valid) EORI number, and this unique number should be used in all customs-related activities on the territory of the European Union.
A branch of a company must use the EORI number of the parent company.
Effect of Brexit on EORI numbers issued by the United Kingdom
Starting from 1 January 2021, all Economic operators registration and identification numbers (EORI) issued by the United Kingdom (UK) will be automatically closed and trade will be subject to customs formalities.
Companies in Northern Ireland can apply for a new XI-number EORI number in their home country. The remaining UK companies can apply for a new EORI in an EU Member State where they will make their first customs procedure in 2021.
Recommendations for a smooth transition
— If you are an Estonian entrepreneur and you do not have yet the EORI number required for customs clearance, we recommend you apply for it through e-MTA in time.
— If you are a non-resident of Estonia who has been issued an EORI number in the United Kingdom and your company is not located in Northern Ireland, this EORI number with GB code will be closed from 01.01.2021. To continue your activities, you can apply for a new EORI number through the e-MTA starting from 01.01.2021.
The traders who are engaged in foreign trade and to whom the VAT number(s) have been issued by other Member States are obliged to write these numbers in their EORI applications.
EORI number application
The EORI number can be applied for electronically by a legal representative of a legal entity in the self-service environment e-MTA, where after login, select “Customs” > “Rights and obligations” > “Economic operators registration and identification number (EORI)”.
In order to submit an application, a representative of a legal entity should have a package of access permissions named “Package for legal person's representative” or an “Accountant´s package” in the e-MTA.
If necessary, a non-resident can also submit an application for an EORI number on paper at the service place.
In the case of changes in the data and/or contact details of a person in the Commercial Register, Population Register or in the Register of Taxable Persons (non-residents), the data in the EORI system does not change automatically. The representative must update the data in the e-MTA EORI application.
- EORI numbri taotlemine Eesti ettevõtjale (1.07 MB, PDF) 19.11.2019
- Väljaspool Euroopa Liitu asuva ettevõtja EORI numbri taotlemine (925.35 KB, PDF) 19.11.2019
- EORI numbri taotlemise vormi andmeelemendid (13.73 KB, XLSX)
- Väljaspool Euroopa Liitu asuva ettevõtja EORI numbri taotlemise vorm (348.12 KB, PDF)
- Webpage of the European Commission "EORI"
- Principles of e-MTA access permissions for a legal person »
- Powers of attorney and applications for granting e-MTA access permissions »
- To non-residents »
- Information for non-residents for using the e-services of the Estonian Tax and Customs Board »
- EORI Guidance (1.39 MB, PDF)
Additional information is available by phone 880 0814 and e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.