The Economic Operators Registration and Identification (EORI) number is a unique identification number used in the customs territory of the European Union and assigned to an economic operator or other person by a customs authority in order to register that person for customs purposes.
The EORI number is mandatory for economic operators engaged in the importation, transit, exportation or other customs operations.
Effect of Brexit on EORI numbers issued by the United Kingdom
Starting from 1 January 2021, all Economic Operators Registration and Identification numbers (EORI) issued by the United Kingdom (UK) are closed and trade will be subject to customs formalities.
The EORI number of an economic operator established in the customs territory of the European Union shall be issued by the customs authority of the Member State where the economic operator is established. Economic operators not established in the customs territory of the Union shall be registered by the customs authority of the Member State where the economic operator is carrying out or is planning to carry out its first customs-related operation.
In Estonia, the EORI number is issued by the Tax and Customs Board.
One economic operator can have only one (valid) EORI number, and this unique number should be used in all customs-related activities on the territory of the European Union.
A branch of a company must use the EORI number of the parent company.
Applying for and changing the EORI number »
Access permissions and packages of access permissions for applying for an EORI number »
- Validate EORI numbers – if the person has agreed to the disclosure of his or her data, the validity of the EORI number and the name and address of the company can be viewed;
if the person has not consented to the disclosure of his or her data, only the validity of the EORI number can be checked.
NB! The data is not displayed in real time and therefore arrives late.
- EORI Guidance (1.39 MB, PDF)
Instructions and application form
For Estonian Economic Operators
For Companies located outside of the European Union
- Applying for, changing and ending the EORI number for a Company located outside of the European Union (388.9 KB, PDF)
- Data elements for EORI number application form (388.1 KB, PDF)
- EORI number application form (145.09 KB, PDF)